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China Launches Tianhe Xingyi: A New Supercomputer Era Begins

China Launches Tianhe Xingyi: A New Supercomputer Era Begins

China recently unveiled the Tianhe Xingyi, a new generation supercomputer, which surpasses its predecessor, the renowned Tianhe-2, in performance. The National Supercomputing Center in Guangzhou, China, introduced this domestically designed supercomputer in Guangdong province, as reported by Interesting Engineering. Tianhe Xingyi, guided by the same organization responsible for the Tianhe-2, showcases advancements in computing capacity, connection efficiency, storage, and application performance.

While specific details of Tianhe Xingyi’s capabilities were not fully disclosed, NSC director Lu Yutong confirmed that it exceeds Tianhe-2 in several key areas. This advancement places Tianhe Xingyi among the top 10 independently manufactured supercomputers in the world, a significant achievement given that it does not rely on American technology. China’s efforts in developing key components like the Loongson processors and essential supercomputing linkages are notable in this context.

Supercomputers are vital for national development, aiding in solving complex technical challenges. The United States has traditionally led the TOP500 list with the world’s fastest supercomputers. These powerful machines are instrumental in various fields including climate change research, material science, universe exploration, medical research, and AI model development.

China’s journey in supercomputing started in the 1980s, gaining global recognition with the Tianhe-1 in the early 21st century. The Tianhe-2, developed under the National Defense Technology University and NSC, topped the TOP500 list and remained a significant contender for years. In 2019, China surpassed the US with 228 supercomputers on the TOP500 list. The country is also progressing towards developing supercomputers capable of a trillion calculations per second, highlighting its continued commitment to technological advancement in this field.